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Iterambere ryimikorere ya plastike idasanzwe yubuhanga polyether ether ketone (PEEK)

Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) yatunganijwe bwa mbere na Imperial Chemical (ICI) mu 1977 igurishwa ku mugaragaro nka VICTREX®PEEK mu 1982. Mu 1993, VICTREX yaguze uruganda rukora ICI maze iba sosiyete yigenga.Weigas ifite ibicuruzwa byinshi bya poly (ether ketone) ku isoko, bifite ubushobozi bwa 4.250T / umwaka.Byongeye kandi, uruganda rwa gatatu rwa VICTREX® poly (ether ketone) rufite ubushobozi bwa buri mwaka 2900T ruzatangizwa mu ntangiriro za 2015, rufite ubushobozi burenga 7000 T / a.

Ⅰ.Intangiriro kumikorere 

PEEK nkibicuruzwa byingenzi bya poly (aryl ether ketone, imiterere yihariye ya molekuline itanga polymer irwanya ubushyuhe bwo hejuru, imikorere myiza yubukanishi, amavuta yo kwisiga, gutunganya byoroshye, kurwanya ruswa yangiza, kwangiza umuriro, kwambura imishwarara, kurwanya imishwarara, guhagarara neza, hydrolysis irwanya no gutunganya byoroshye, nkibikorwa byiza, ubu bizwi nka plastiki nziza ya thermoplastique. 

1 Kurwanya ubushyuhe bwinshi

VICTREX PEEK polymers hamwe nuruvange mubisanzwe bifite ubushyuhe bwikirahure bwa 143 ° C, aho gushonga kwa 343 ° C, ubushyuhe bwumuriro bugera kuri 335 ° C (ISO75Af, fibre karubone yuzuye), nubushyuhe bwa serivisi bukomeza bwa 260 ° C (UL746B, nta kuzuza). 

2. Kwambara ukurwanya

VICTREX PEEK ibikoresho bya polymer bitanga ubuvanganzo buhebuje kandi birwanya kwambara, cyane cyane mubyiciro byimyanya yo guhinduranya byahinduwe, hejuru yumuvuduko mwinshi, umuvuduko, ubushyuhe hamwe nubuso bukabije. 

3. Kurwanya imiti

VICTREX PEEK isa nicyuma cya nikel, itanga imbaraga nziza zo kurwanya ruswa mubidukikije byinshi bya shimi, ndetse no mubushyuhe bwinshi.

 

4. Fata umwotsi woroshye kandi udafite uburozi

 

VICTREX PEEK ibikoresho bya polymer birahagaze neza, 1.5mm sample, ul94-V0 urwego rutagira flame retardant.Ibigize hamwe nubuziranenge bwibikoresho bifasha kubyara umwotsi na gaze gake mugihe habaye umuriro.

 

5. Kurwanya Hydrolysis

 

VICTREX PEEK polymers hamwe nuruvange birwanya ibitero byimiti byamazi cyangwa amavuta yumuvuduko mwinshi.Ibice bikozwe muri ibi bikoresho birashobora kugumana urwego rwo hejuru rwibikoresho bya mashini iyo bikoreshejwe ubudahwema mumazi mubushyuhe bwinshi hamwe nigitutu.

 

6. Ibikoresho byiza byamashanyarazi

 

VICTREX PEEK itanga amashanyarazi meza cyane murwego rwinshi nubushyuhe.

 

Mubyongeyeho, ibikoresho bya polymer VICTREX PEEK nabyo bifite isuku ryinshi, kurengera ibidukikije, gutunganya byoroshye nibindi biranga.

 

Ⅱ.Ubushakashatsi kumiterere yumusaruro

 

Kuva iterambere ryiza rya PEEK, hamwe nibikorwa byaryo byiza, ryakunzwe cyane nabantu kandi ryihuse ryibanze kubushakashatsi bushya.Urukurikirane rwa chimique na physique yo guhindura no kuzamura PEEK yarushijeho kwagura umurima wa PEEK.

 

1. Guhindura imiti

 

Guhindura imiti ni uguhindura imiterere ya molekuline hamwe nubusanzwe bwa polymer mugutangiza amatsinda yihariye akora cyangwa molekile ntoya, nka: guhindura igipimo cyamatsinda ya ether ketone kumurongo nyamukuru cyangwa kumenyekanisha andi matsinda, guhuza amashami, guhuza amatsinda, guhagarika kopolymerisation na kopolymerisme idasanzwe kumurongo nyamukuru kugirango uhindure imiterere yubushyuhe.

 

VICTREX®HT ™ na VICTREX®ST ™ ni PEK na PEKEKK.Ikigereranyo cya E / K cya VICTREX®HT ™ na VICTREX®ST ™ ikoreshwa mugutezimbere ubushyuhe bwo hejuru bwa polymer.

 

2. Guhindura umubiri

 

Ugereranije no guhindura imiti, guhindura umubiri bikoreshwa cyane mubikorwa, harimo kuzuza ibyongeweho, kuvanga guhindura no guhindura ubuso.

 

1) Kuzamura padi

 

Ibyinshi byuzuza imbaraga ni ugukomeza fibre, harimo fibre fibre, fibre karubone hamwe na Arlene fibre.Ibisubizo byubushakashatsi byerekana ko fibre yibirahure, fibre ya karubone na fibre aramid bifitanye isano ryiza na PEEK, kubwibyo akenshi batoranijwe nkuzuza kugirango bongere PEEK, bakora ibikoresho byinshi-bikomatanya, kandi bizamura imbaraga nubushyuhe bwa serivise ya PEEK.Hmf-amanota ni fibre nshya ya karubone yuzuye igizwe na VICTREX itanga imbaraga zo kurwanya umunaniro uruta iyindi, imashini hamwe nubukanishi buhebuje ugereranije nubushobozi bukomeye bwa karubone bwuzuye bwuzuye bwa VICTREX PEEK.

 

Kugirango ugabanye guterana no kwambara, PTFE, grafite nibindi bito bito byongeweho kugirango bitezimbere imbaraga.Kwambara Impamyabumenyi byahinduwe byumwihariko kandi bishimangirwa na VICTREX kugirango ikoreshwe ahantu hambaraye cyane nko kwambara.

 

2) Guhindura impinduka

 

PEEK ivanga nibikoresho bya polymer organic hamwe nubushyuhe bwo hejuru bwikirahure, ntibishobora gusa kunoza imiterere yumuriro wibintu no kugabanya igiciro cyumusaruro, ariko kandi bigira ingaruka zikomeye kumiterere yubukanishi.

 

VICTREX®MAX-Urukurikirane ™ ni uruvange rwibikoresho bya polymer VICTREX PEEK hamwe nukuri kwa EXTEM®UH thermoplastique polyimide (TPI) ishingiye kuri SABIC Innovative Plastics.Ibikorwa byinshi bya MAX Urwego ™ ibikoresho bya polymer hamwe nubushyuhe buhebuje byashizweho kugirango bihuze ibyifuzo bikenerwa cyane nubushyuhe bwo hejuru bwa PEEK polymer.

 

Urukurikirane rwa VICTREX® T ni uruvange rwemewe rushingiye ku bikoresho bya polymer VICTREX PEEK na Celazole® polybenzimidazole (PBI).Irashobora guhuzwa kandi irashobora kuzuza imbaraga zisabwa zisabwa, kwambara birwanya, gukomera, kunyerera hamwe nubushyuhe bwumuriro mugihe ubushyuhe bukabije busabwa.

 

3) Guhindura isura

 

Ubushakashatsi bwa VICTREX, bwakozwe ku bufatanye na Wacker, uyobora uruganda rukomeye rwa silicone y’amazi, rwerekanye ko polymer ya VICTREX PEEK ihuza imbaraga za silicone ikomeye kandi yoroheje hamwe n’ibintu bifata neza bya plastiki zakozwe.Ibice bya PEEK nkibishiramo, bisizwe hamwe na reberi ya silicone ya silicone, cyangwa tekinoroji yo gutera inshinge ebyiri, irashobora kubona neza.Ubushyuhe bwa VICTREX PEEK ni ubushyuhe bwa 180 ° C. Ubushyuhe bwayo bwihishe butuma gukira byihuse reberi ya silicone, bityo bikagabanya inzinguzingo rusange.Izi ninyungu yibice bibiri bigize tekinoroji yo guterwa.

 

3. Undi

 

1) VICOTE ™ impuzu

 

VICTREX yazanye igifuniko cya PEEK, VICOTE ™, kugirango gikemure icyuho cyibikorwa muri tekinoroji ya none yo gutwikira.VICOTE ™ ibishishwa bitanga ubushyuhe bwo hejuru, kwambara birwanya, imbaraga, kuramba no kwihanganira ibishushanyo kimwe ningaruka zinyuranye zo gukora cyane kubisabwa guhura nibibazo bikabije nkubushyuhe bwo hejuru, kwangirika kwimiti no kwambara, haba mu nganda, mumodoka, gutunganya ibiryo, igice cya kabiri, ibikoresho bya elegitoroniki cyangwa ibice bya farumasi.VICOTE ™ impuzu zitanga ubuzima bwagutse bwa serivisi, kunoza imikorere n'imikorere, kugabanya igiciro rusange cya sisitemu, no kongera ubwisanzure bwo gushushanya kugirango ugere kubicuruzwa bitandukanye.

 

2) APTIV ™ firime

 

APTIV ™ firime zitanga ihuza ryihariye ryimiterere nibintu biranga polymers ya VICTREX PEEK, bigatuma iba imwe mubicuruzwa byinshi bya firime ikora cyane iraboneka.Filime nshya ya APTIV irahuze kandi irakwiriye mubikorwa bitandukanye, harimo firime yinyeganyeza kubavuga terefone igendanwa hamwe n’abavuga rikoresha abaguzi, insinga n’insinga hamwe na jackettes zihinduranya, ibyuma bihindura igitutu hamwe na sensor diaphragms, kwambara hejuru idashobora kwihanganira ibicuruzwa n’inganda n’ikoranabuhanga, insimburangingo y’amashanyarazi. hamwe no gukumira indege.

 

Umwanya wo gusaba

 

PEEK yakoreshejwe cyane mu kirere, mu modoka, mu bikoresho bya elegitoroniki, mu nganda, mu nganda, mu gice cya kabiri ndetse no mu buvuzi kuva yatangizwa.

 

1. Ikirere

 

Ikirere ni PEEK ya mbere yo gusaba.Umwihariko w'ikirere bisaba gutunganya byoroshye, igiciro gito cyo gutunganya, nibikoresho byoroheje bishobora kwihanganira ibidukikije bibi.PEEK irashobora gusimbuza aluminiyumu nibindi byuma mubice byindege kuko irakomeye bidasanzwe, inimiti ya inert na flame retardant, kandi irashobora kubumbabumbwa mubice hamwe nubworoherane buto cyane.

 

Imbere mu ndege, habayeho gutsindira ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma, icyuma cyinjira, icyuma cya moteri, urugi rutwikiriye imashini, ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma bifata ibyuma byinjira mu ndege. igifuniko, igifuniko cya manhole, kuringaniza ibice nibindi.

 

PEEK resin irashobora kandi gukoreshwa mugukora bateri za roketi, bolts, nuts hamwe nibice bya moteri ya roketi.

 

2. Matelas ifite ubwenge

 

Kugeza ubu, inganda zitwara ibinyabiziga zirasaba cyane imikorere yuburemere bwibinyabiziga, kugabanya ibiciro no kugwiza ibicuruzwa cyane cyane abantu bakurikirana uburyo bwiza bwimodoka no guhagarara neza, uburemere bwikonjesha bihuye, amashanyarazi Windows, imifuka yindege hamwe nibikoresho bya feri ya ABS nabyo ni kwiyongera.Ibyiza bya PEEK resin, nkibikorwa byiza bya termodinamike, kurwanya ubukana, ubukana buke no gutunganya byoroshye, bikoreshwa mugukora ibice byimodoka.Mugihe ibiciro byo gutunganya byagabanutse cyane, ntabwo uburemere bushobora kugabanuka kugera kuri 90%, ariko kandi ubuzima bwa serivisi burashobora kwizerwa igihe kirekire.Kubwibyo, PEEK, nkigisimbuza ibyuma bitagira umwanda na titanium, ikoreshwa mugukora ibikoresho bya moteri yimbere.Gukora ibinyabiziga bitwara ibinyabiziga, gaseke, kashe, impeta zifata nibindi bikoresho, usibye kohereza, feri na sisitemu yo guhumeka nabyo ni byinshi.

 

3. Ibyuma bya elegitoroniki

 

VICTREX PEEK ifite ibiranga ubushyuhe bwo hejuru, kwihanganira kwambara, kurwanya ruswa, ihindagurika rito, gukuramo bike, kwinjiza amazi make, kurengera ibidukikije no kwirinda umuriro, guhagarara neza, gutunganya ibintu byoroshye, nibindi bikoreshwa cyane muri mudasobwa, terefone zigendanwa, imbaho ​​zumuzunguruko, printer, diode itanga urumuri, bateri, swatch, umuhuza, disiki ikomeye nibindi bikoresho bya elegitoroniki.

 

4. Inganda zingufu

 

Guhitamo ibikoresho byiza bikunze kugaragara nkimwe mubintu byingenzi byiterambere ryiterambere ryinganda zingufu, kandi mumyaka yashize VICTREX PEEK yamenyekanye cyane mubikorwa byingufu kugirango tunoze imikorere kandi bigabanye ingaruka zo gutinda zijyanye no kunanirwa kw'ibigize.

 

VICTREX PEEK irakoreshwa cyane ninganda zingufu kugirango irwanye ubushyuhe bwinshi, irwanya imirasire, irwanya hydrolysis, kwiyitirira amavuta, irwanya imiti yangiza n’imikorere myiza y’amashanyarazi, nk'imiyoboro yo mu nyanja ihuza imiyoboro y'amashanyarazi, insinga n'insinga, umuyoboro w'amashanyarazi, ibyuma bifata ibyuma byangiza. , ibyuma, ibihuru, ibikoresho, impeta zunganira nibindi bicuruzwa.Muri peteroli na gaze, ingufu z'amashanyarazi, geothermal, ingufu z'umuyaga, ingufu za kirimbuzi, ingufu z'izuba zikoreshwa.

 

APTIV ™ firime na VICOTE ats ibishishwa nabyo bikoreshwa cyane muruganda.

 

5. Ibindi

 

Mu nganda zubukanishi, resin ya PEEK isanzwe ikoreshwa mugukora valve compressor, impeta ya piston, kashe hamwe numubiri wa pompe yimiti nibice bya valve.Gukoresha iyi resin aho gukoresha ibyuma bidafite ingese kugirango ukore moteri ya pompe ya vortex irashobora kugabanya urugero rwo kwambara nurwego rwurusaku, kandi ikongerera igihe cyakazi.Byongeye kandi, umuhuza wa kijyambere ni irindi soko rishobora kuba kuko PEEK yujuje ibisobanuro byibikoresho byo guteranya imiyoboro kandi birashobora guhuzwa nubushyuhe bwinshi ukoresheje ibifatika bitandukanye.

 

Inganda za semiconductor ziratera imbere zigana kuri waferi nini, chip ntoya, imirongo migari hamwe nubunini bwumurongo, nibindi.

 

Mu nganda zubuvuzi, resin ya PEEK irashobora kwihanganira inzinguzingo zigera ku 3000 za autoclaving kuri 134 ° C, ibyo bigatuma ikwiranye nogukora ibikoresho byo kubaga no kuvura amenyo hamwe nibisabwa cyane byo kuboneza urubyaro bisaba gukoreshwa inshuro nyinshi.PEEK resin irashobora kwerekana imbaraga zubukanishi, guhangana ningutu nziza hamwe na hydrolysis itajegajega mumazi ashyushye, amavuta, imashini hamwe na reagent ya chimique, nibindi. Irashobora gukoreshwa mugukora ibikoresho bitandukanye byubuvuzi bisaba kwanduza ubushyuhe bwinshi.PEEK ntabwo ifite ibyiza byuburemere bworoshye, kutarwanya uburozi no kwangirika, ariko kandi nibikoresho byegereye skeleti yabantu, bishobora guhuzwa numubiri.Kubwibyo, gukoresha PEK resin kugirango ukore skeleton yabantu aho kuba ibyuma nubundi buryo bukoreshwa bwa PEEK mubuvuzi.

 

Ⅳ, Ibitekerezo

 

Hamwe niterambere ryubumenyi nikoranabuhanga, abantu bazagenda barushaho kuba benshi basabwa ibikoresho, cyane cyane kubura ingufu zubu, abanditsi bagabanya ibiro ni buri ruganda rugomba gusuzuma ikibazo, hamwe na plastiki aho kuba ibyuma nibyo byanze bikunze yo guteza imbere ibikoresho bya plastiki yihariye yubuhanga PEEK icyifuzo "rusange" kizaba kinini kandi kinini, nacyo kizaba kinini kandi kinini murwego rwo gusaba.


Igihe cyo kohereza: 02-06-22